Each pair of wires of the warp skeleton, which consists of the arrangement of twisted silk, cotton, wool or silk yarns, called warp, next to each other longitudinally; wool, silk and flush yarn (knots) to create a row and knot on a row of wool or cotton yarn from the weft, (bottom thick, top thin, poured) to be thrown in the form of a pattern and pile heights with a certain pattern.
These are yarns made of wool, cotton and silk that are crossed horizontally, perpendicular to the floor and diagonally across each other between the upper and lower beams of the carpet loom.
In order to provide the desired opening when weft insertion, the warp wires are evenly divided according to the carpet quality; It is a system that separates the rear and front wires from each other.
It is a silk, cotton or wool yarn which forms the floor weaving of the carpet together with the warp, which is passed by hand between the loop rows of the carpet and transversely of the carpet. In the carpets that are manufactured in our country, two wefts are used, usually the lower weft and the upper weft.
LOWER WEFT (THICK WEFT-THICK GAYAR)
After an end of the loop weaving of the carpet is finished, the weft thread, determined according to the quality of the carpet and the width of the carpet, is passed straight through the warp while the incoming tree is down and compressed with kirk.
- UPPER WEFT (THIN WEFT-DOKE-THIN GAYAR)
After the lower weft is discarded, the incoming tree is lifted up and the fine weft is passed through the warp. It is fed between kirkite stitches and compacted with kirkite. After the wefts have been discarded, the compression rope (patkin - printing rope) must be used. Because; If the compression rope is not used, kirkit impacts can cut the upper (fine) weft, in particular, as it will not hit every stitch and cannot make the desired compression. In this respect, it is useful to use compression rope regardless of carpet type. This compression rope may be obtained by spinning a few layers of thick weft or warp yarn used in the carpet as well as synthetic yarn, which is called “net rope arasında among the people. However, since synthetic is more durable and long lasting, it is more economical to use synthetic net rope as compression rope. After the wefts are thrown, the “compression rope is passed through the warp and tapped on the rope with kirk.
When weaving carpets, they are yarn nodes of wool, silk or flush yarn, which are connected side by side to each pair of wires of the warp in a certain way.
Pile is the shape of the knot ends connected to the warp wires, cut to lengths.
The eaves are the ends left after the warp threads are cut at both ends of the carpet. The length of the fringe varies depending on the size of the carpet, but usually 10 cm should left.
It is a texture made in the form of a chain of warp or weft yarn at the base of the eaves, parallel to the rug texture at the beginning and end ends of the carpet.
It is a flat texture made at the beginning and end sections in order to prevent the pile weaving on the carpet.
For the sides of the carpet to be firm, it is the narrow strip section which is knitted to the sides with the ground color and two solid ground loop threads.
It is a pile weaving made according to the carpet color in the color of the floor after the carpet rug and before the border. It surrounds the edges of the carpet.
Surrounding the four sides of the carpet, flesh, outer mother of pearl (small water), large water (wide shore) and inner pearl is called the section is composed of bordur. External and internal pearls can be one or several
The middle section of the carpet is surrounded by a border and is patterned or flat.